My Life’s Sweetest SABLAY 🌻

It’s the busiest time ever so I can’t find the time to write a blog post regarding my college graduation. I’ll be putting here instead all the messages and posts that I have posted on my social media accounts (i.e. Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram).

The Most-Awaited SABLAY Picture and Obligatory Message
DELA CRUZ,JELYNDA-E (3)

DELA CRUZ, JELYNDA URBANO
2013-37867
Bachelor of Arts in Social Sciences (Economics – Political Science)
University of the Philippines – Baguio
Cum Laude
Elected Member, Pi Gamma Mu International Honor Society of Social Sciences
Elected Member, The International Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi
UPB Economics Society, UP Subol Society Baguio Chapter
—————————————————–Puno man ng detours ang Road to Sablay ko, at least nakarating din ako sa patutunguhan ko kaya naman nais kong magpasalamat sa lahat ng taong naging parte ng paglalakbay na ito.

Sa mga magulang ko — Mama, Papa, maraming salamat sa lahat! Alam kong hindi sapat ang mga salitang ‘yan para sa lahat ng pagsasakripsyo ninyo para sa aming tatlo nina Jessa at Tristan (lalo na sa akin) kaya naman kahit na nakakatamad na madalas, pinagtiyagaan ko yung IBANG makakapal na readings (yung iba kasi tuluyan ko nang sinukuan at hinayaan lol) para mag-homerun para makasama ko kayo sa stage. Salamat sa pag-welcome sa akin sa bahay with open arms tuwing umuuwi ako kahit na alam kong minsan umay na kayo kasi weekly na lang akong bumaba.  Tapos pala, Ma, Pa, pag umuuwi ako minsan tapos sinasabi kong wala na akong class, ang totoo niyan umaabsent talaga ako. Minsan kasi nakakapagod na at gusto ko nalang talaga umuwi at huminga. Haha! Minsan din pala umaabsent talaga ako para matulog kasi “acads is life but sleep is lifer.”  Wala na hindi niyo na ako mapapagalitan kasi tapos na. Hahaha! Salamat hindi lang sa pagiging financier, pero sa lahat. Salamat sa pagtitiwala ninyo lagi sakin kahit minsan nakakapressure na kasi grabe tiwalang binibgay niyo (lol). Wala lahat ‘to kung wala kayo! Mahal ko kayo.  Two down. Si Tristan na lang! 

Salamat din sa mga kapatid kong (Jessa at Tristan) naging inspirasyon ko para makamit lahat ng ‘to. At kay Nanay Pat, sa mga pinsan, at sa mga tito at tita na naging katuwang ko at ng mga magulang ko para matapos ‘to, maraming salamat sainyong lahat! Hindi ko na kayo iisa-isahin kasi sobrang dami natin. Haha! I am so blessed for having all of you in my life. Salamat sa suporta ninyong lahat. I am sharing this achievement to all of you!

Sa mga kaibigan ko, lalo na dun sa mga totoong kaibigan ko talaga  (alam niyo na kung sinu-sino kayo), maraming salamat! Maraming salamat sa laging pagtitiwala at sa low-maintenanced na friendship, grade school friends! Kina Clyde at Rosalie na hindi nang-iwan nitong mga nakalipas na taon, thank you!  Sa college squad ko, Iris, Justine, Pia at Gleney, salamat kasi kayo yung naging karamay ko talaga sa loob ng apat na taon sa UP (at sa labas din haha). Kay Gino na naging karamay ko nitong nakaraang walong taon na, salamat dahil sa loob ng apat na taon sa Baguio, (hindi ka nang-iwan. Nagpaparinig ako Eyra at Eyna haha jk love you beshies!  Thank you din sainyo at kay Elaine kasi kayo kasama kong nag-adjust nung unang taon natin sa Baguio) nandyan ka para makakwentuhan at makausap lagi tungkol sa kahit na anong bagay o chika (mapa-Baguio o Pangasinan man ‘yan). Kay Melanie na first college friend ko at sa buong Econ Dos Bloc 2013, salamat sainyo! Ang saya niyo kasama! Mamimiss ko kayo!

Sa natatanging dalawang orgs ko, UPB Economics Society at UP Subol Society Baguio Chapter, maraming salamat sa oportunidad na ibinigay ninyo para makilala ko pa ang sarili ko. Ang saya maging parte ng pamilya niyo!

Sa mga naging propesor ko sa UP, lalong-lalo na sa mga propesor ng Soksay at Department of Economics and Political Science, maraming salamat po mga Ma’am at Sir! Iba kayo! Thank you for sharing your knowledge and life stories.

Sa lahat ng nagtiwala na kaya ko, maraming salamat sainyo!

Maraming salamat, UP!

At higit sa lahat, Papa God, sobrang thank You! Naging posible lahat ng to dahil Sa’yo! Indeed, To God Be All the Glory! 😇🙏💖
#HusayAtDangal 💖💖💖”

#OrgPubMats
To Econ Soc and Subol,
Maraming Salamat! 💙💙

 

SABLAY 2017 🌻: The Detours Brought Me Here
HIGHLIGHTS and MESSAGES

_DSC0376About My Graduation Look.
“Sabi ko nga, puno ng detours ang Road to Sablay ko. Ang hindi ko lang in-expect, sa mismong araw din pala ng pag-Sablay ko, may detour pa ring mangyayari. I wasn’t planning to wear this. I was going for a simple off-shoulder white dress but yea. Last minute changes happened. Another “detour” happened during my last day in college and once again, it turned out great! 🌻💕”

PS. Prepared ang beshy niyo pero na-late ako! As in legit na muntik na akong di gumraduate!!! Last day as a college student and i was still late as usual. Classic me! 😭🤣But to be fair, it wasn’t entirely my fault. The salon has to do with it too.

The Laude Dream. 


“Pag sinabi ko sigurong hindi ko naman talaga goal noon na gumraduate with Latin Honors, madaming hindi maniniwala. Madaming magsasabi na pa-humble pa ako, na ang dami kong arte, etc. But you know what? Wala na akong pake. Sabi nga ng kaibigan kong si Maegan, ‘…Pibabalik ed si ka da agda ak met kabat.’ Hindi naman talaga yan kasama sa goals ko. Pagkapasok ko ng UP apat na taon na ang nakakaraan, wala akong kaplano-plano. Sabi ko pa noon, I’ll just go with the flow. Gusto ko, tahimik lang buhay ko. Walang expectations. Walang pressure. Nadala na kasi ako sa nangyari sa akin noong hayskul. Nasaktan ako noon sa totoo lang. Nasaktan ako hindi dahil sa kahit na anong award na hindi ko nakuha. Nasaktan ako dahil alam kong na-disappoint ko ang mga magulang ko kahit hindi nila sinabi sa akin.

First sem, first year college. Hindi ako college/university scholar. Ni hindi ko nga alam na may ganun pala. Nagulat nalang ako nung second sem kasi first time ko yun. Dun ko lang din nalaman na may ganun pala. Umattend ako ng convocation nun kasama sina Iris at Michael. Ang saya pala nun. Na-enjoy ko yun kasi nagkaroon ako ng chance na makakamay sila Sir Nimreh (fangirl alert haha) at makapagselfie at picture kasama sina Ma’am Mendoza at Ma’am Mai (na favorite ko since Pol Sci 11 happened). Pero alam niyo ang pinakanakapagpasaya sa akin ng sobra? Birthday ko kasi kinabukasan nun kaya balak ko talagang umuwi ng araw din ng Convocation. Umuwi ako dala yung certificate na nakuha ko. Nagulat pa mga magulang ko nun kasi hindi naman nila alam na may awarding o certificate na ganun. Balak ko kasi talaga silang i-surprise. Yung reaction nila nun, yun yung reaksyon na hindi ko nakuha nung gumraduate ako nung hayskul. Yun yung reaksyon na matagal kong hinintay na makita ulit.

Na-receive ko yung pinakaunang certificate ko sa college pero no pressure pa rin. No expectations. Sige lang. Go lang. Tapos tuwing may Convocation na darating, lagi pa naming sinasabi ni Iris nun na a-attend kami kasi sayang tapos baka last na kasi namin yun haha.

Matapos ang ilang certificates at Convocations, hindi ko pa rin alam kung ano ba cut-off nung grades para mag-laude. Na-curious nalang din ako nung lagi na akong tinatanong ng ibang kakilala at blocmates kung laude standing daw ba ako. Lagi ko pang sagot noon, “Ay hindi ko alam. Paano ba malalaman?” Lol. Tapos ayun nga. Nalaman ko yung cut-off grade. 

Nitong fourth year ko rin talaga parang na-feel yung pressure. Na-motivate kasi talaga ako nung in-advice ako ni Sir Ruel (Caricativo) nun. I-homerun ko na raw kasi last year naman na. Kayang-kaya na raw. Tapos nalaman ko rin kasi na pag graduation, hindi pala makakaakyat ng stage yung mga magulang. Makakaakyat lang sila pag laude ka. Yun yung naging driving force ko talaga. Gusto ko kasing mapaakyat ng stage mga magulang ko. Alam ko kasing deserve nila yun. Deserving silang umakyat ng stage kasi pinaghirapan nila lahat ng to.

For the past years, lagi kong sinasabi sakanila na wag silang mag-expect. Nitong kalagitnaan ng last sem nalang din nila nalaman na laude standing ako. Wala akong nakuhang pressure mula sa kanila. Ako lang din namimressure sa sarili ko minsan sa totoo lang. 😅 Pero worth it naman. Worth it kasi kasama ko silang tumanggap nung diploma ko. Worth it kasi, nasusuotan ulit ako ng medalya ng Papa ko (peyborit niya kasi yun lol). Kaya naman, Mama at Papa, para sainyo talaga ‘to! Thank you for being my number 1 motivators and supporters! Mahal ko kayo! 💕”

IMG_1279The Squad That Sablays Together, Stays Forever.

When it was decided that I’ll attend UP Baguio for college, my original plan was to transfer to Diliman after year. But then, it’s really hard to give up things such as friendship. I got to know these four wonderful people and the rest is history. “This friendship is one of the reasons why I chose to stay.” To Iris, Justine, Pia, and Gleney, thank you for putting up with me and thanks for the four amazing years! Our friendship is one of the reasons why I had a blast this college!
5

Justine.
“My thesis partner, partner in papers, reports, in everything. Sure thing, you’ve been a very responsible and reliable partner in acads. 😀 But the more important reason why I’d like to thank you is for being such a great friend these past four years. Mumshie, beshy, bro, brad, thank you for everything. You made my everyday in college easier and crazier. Kahit minsan nakakapagod na, nilulookforward ko na lang sa pagpasok e yung kadaldalan at harutan nating lima nila Iris, Pia at Gleney. Way to go, brotha. Galingan sa law school. IF EVER tuluyan ko nang talikuran ang pagla-law, ikaw nalang din tumupad nung plano ko noon para sa sarili kong yan. 😂 I know that you can do it. I am rooting for you. Make us, make me, even prouder of you. I’ll be waiting for that day that I could get to call you Atty. Justine Manuel! You go gurl! 😘”

6
Iris.
“My homerun buddy. Thank you for the friendship and for listening every time I need someone to talk to. Maraming Salamat kasi naging karamay kita sa LAHAT. Totoo nga yung sinasabi nila na mas masaya yung “tagumpay” kung may kasama ka. Mas masaya yung makatanggap ng awards ng hindi nag-iisa. I am so happy that I experienced those victorious moments with you. Naging mas madali rin yung paghohomerun kasi nandyan ka na pwede kong makausap palagi. You were there to serve as both a reminder (lalo na every time ang tamad ko at panay pagbaba/uwi nalang nasa utak ko 😂) and a motivator. Thank you sa mga mababaw na usapan. Thank you sa pagdamay sa mga kaharutan at landi moments (this goes both sides 😂). Salamat dahil naging mabuti (at baliw) kang kaibigan. Yung sinasabi ko sayo ha. You choose and do what will make you happy. Fighting! 😘”
7
Jessa.
“Thank you for all the love and support. Thank you for speaking up for me every time I cannot do it myself. I appreciate it every time you’re the one who breaks my problems to our parents. Thank you for being there always. I am sharing this achievement to you. Just like what I told you, always remember that no matter what happens, we are a team. There will always be those narrow-minded people, worse even our own relatives, who won’t stop comparing us. But mind you, I don’t care. I hope you won’t and don’t either. Continue chasing your dreams your own way. I’ll support you no matter what. Remember that. 💕”


And then, everything became Nayser

_DSC0424_1
When I got to know you.

“One of the unforgettable detours. Abalang ko binmato ak la. Andi ni manaya.” Tuloy Pa Rin pala. ❤️️

I wouldn’t change anything when it comes to the decisions that I have made (that concerns you). You definitely became a big part of my college life. You taught me things and you’ve proven me wrong. If I would be given the chance to turn back time, I’d choose to fall all over again. No regrets.
Thank you for the happy memories and life lessons. And thank you for making my heart beat that fast again. ❤️️

PS. Sorry for “snubbing” you the first time (I can’t still remember it tho 😂). But as what I’ve told you, I’m not really a snob! Hope I proved you wrong, too. 😉

_DSC0384
The End of My Road to Sablay.

Finally, after a couple of detours, I already reached the end of my Road to Sablay. I will surely come up with plans for my future, but I’d still be willing to take detours, for sure. 🌻💕
Maraming salamat, UP! 
To God Be All The Glory! 😇


Signing Off,

2013-37867

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A Glimpse of Hope in Pangasinan’s Pistay Dayat Festival

Since Lingayen, my hometown, is celebrating Pistay Dayat today, I think it also the right time to publish here the paper that I wrote last semester in my Tourism class. So here it goes…

To understand and analyze whether the celebration and preparations for the Pistay Dayat Festival in Pangasinan emanates sustainable tourism development, Zhenhua Liu (2003)’s perspective on Sustainable Tourism Development is to be used in this paper for discussion.

Liu (2003) on Sustainable Tourism Development

In his work entitled, “Sustainable Tourism Development: A Critique,” Liu (2003) made use of the World Tourism Organisation (2001)’s definition of sustainable tourism development as a basis for discussion:

Sustainable tourism development meets the needs of the present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing opportunities for the future. It is envisaged as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity and life support systems (Liu 2003: 460).

In addition, Liu (2003:460) mentioned what Cater (1993) pointed out as the three main objectives of sustainable tourism: meeting the needs of the host population in terms of improved living standards both in the short and long term; satisfying the demands of a growing number of tourists; and safeguarding the natural environment.

Lastly, Liu (2003:472) pointed out four critical and important issues to consider for further research on sustainable tourism development: a balanced view on sustainability (we are not to limit growth but to manage it for the benefit of everyone); the development of practically feasible policies and measures; the use of a systems perspective (to understand the characteristics and change patterns of tourism and its dynamic interaction with the natural, technological, social and economic environment); and the adaptation of interdisciplinary approach.

 Lingayen’s Pistay Dayat Festival    

Looking forward to a more prosperous tourism industry, the provincial government’s efforts could be seen in the conduct of the Pistay Dayat (Sea Festival) which is being celebrated annually in the capital of the province, Lingayen. In an article published by the Philippine Daily Inquirer (2013), Provincial administrator Rafael Baraan said that Pistay Dayat started as a simple thanksgiving celebration of the local fishing community for the Lingayen Gulf’s abundance, “Fishing is one of the major livelihood activities of the people in our province. That is why the festivity is centered along the shorelines and it coincides with the Labor Day celebration on May 1.” Moreover, Kheem Caparas (2012) posted in his blog that:

According to Dagupan City’s official website, Pista’y Dayat actually started in small fishing towns of Lingayen and Alaminos in the 1960s, gradually growing in size as these towns started to trade with each other. It was during the term of former Dagupan City Mayor Cipriano Manaois in 1968 when formal activities for Pista’y Dayat were first held. It was also during this period that the title Pista’y Dayat was officially coined.

As years pass by, it could be seen that the celebration of the said festival becomes bigger and bigger  showing the implications of the tourism development program of the province that has been launched when former Governor Amado T. Espino, Jr. started office last 2008 (Philippine Information Agency 2009). Different events are being conducted throughout the two-week-long celebration:

What used to be just a simple celebration which serves as thanksgiving for the bounty of fish harvest in coastal villages in Pangasinan, Pistay Dayat merriment has evolved through the years as a ‘sight to behold,’ featuring a wide-array of activities and events that draw a big crowd of people from all over the Philippines visiting Pangasinan this summer…Last year, Pistay Dayat was hailed by the Department of Tourism and the Association of Tourism Officers in the Philippines (ATOP) as first runner-up in the coveted Pearl awards (best tourism event – festival category). As a Pearl awardee, the provincial government has been recognized for its stellar contributions in making the Pistay Dayat a boost to the province’s tourism sector (Oblanca, 2016).

Tourism Supply and Demand in the Pistay Dayat Festival

According to Cardinoza (2013) of the Philippine News Inquirer, in the last two years, Pangasinan has become the leading tourist destination in the Ilocos region and Pistay Dayat, according to Gov. Espino Jr., has been one of the events that attracted the tourists to the province.

Zhenhua Liu (2003: 462) said in his work that “[t]ourism development is both supply-led and demand-led. The provision of tourist facilitates and services may arise as a response to growing demand or aim to stimulate demand.” This could be true in the case of the previous local administration who saw the promising tourism industry in Pangasinan that it launched its integrated tourism development program. Through the years, the transformations in the Capitol Compound and Lingayen Beachfront where the festival takes place have been very visible that it became a tourism “place” product itself. The place became a tourist spot that even if it is not Pistay Dayat season, tourists still come and visit. The local government has seen to it that it would be captivating enough for tourism purposes.

Still on the topic of inviting more tourists during Pistay Dayat, spearheaded by Governor Amado T. Espino, Jr., the sea festival was presented with a total repackaging since 2008. From a mere thanksgiving celebration, the festival became a more meaningful feast with genuine goals anchored on tourism, environment and sports as its core advocacies (Pangasinan Capitol, 2013). And just last year 2015, the third and last of this advocacies has been integrated to the festival to increase tourism demand: its sports advocacy. According to Sunstar (2015), three sporting events (Paboksing ed Gulpo, Volleybelles and Skimboarding) have been added to the events in the festival to emphasize Gov. Espino’s priority of sports development in the province (leveling up sports mindedness among Pangasinenses especially the young generation). It has been also stated that Provincial Sports Director Modesto Operania said that, “[t]hese sporting events are also expected to draw big crowd of sports enthusiasts in Pangasinan, in nearby provinces and tourists from all over the globe.”

Local Participation and Other Stakeholders

Liu (2003:466) argued that “‘a greater level of local involvement in the planning and development of tourism is an essential prerequisite of sustainable tourism’… [And] [t]o be successful and sustainable, tourism development should involve ‘various government departments, public and private sector companies, community groups and experts.’” This prerequisite of sustainable tourism could be seen in Pistay Dayat. Local participation is very prevalent not only through selling foods, shirts and souvenirs for tourists but also in the envents and competitions that are made for them as bonafide residents of Pangasinan. (ie. Sand-sculpting). Other stakeholders include the local government, private companies which serve as sponsors (ie. Smart Company, San Miguel Brewery, Inc., Uniliver) and local entrepreneurs from different municipalities who join the Trade and Tourism Expo to promote their native products.

Pistay Dayat for a Sustainable Tourism

One of the reasons why the idea of sustainability in tourism has emerged was because of the “negative” tourism impacts, most especially to the socio-cultural aspect of the tourist destination (Liu 2003:460). The Pistay Dayat, however, for almost nine years now, has quite proven that tourism could be economically, environmentally, and socio-culturally beneficial.

Pistay Dayat has definitely increased the tourism demand in the province which in return brings economic benefits to the government and local people who have tourism-related businesses. But unlike the stereotypical negative association of tourism to cultural integrity, Pistay Dayat has proven so far that while developing economically, we can still keep our cultural integrity. This festival embodies so much of the cultural heritage of Pangasinan. As what Gov. Espino said, the festival serves as the “reawakening of the Pangasinenses’ consciousness regarding music, dances, arts, and culture of the province.” In this festival are events that promote historical heritage and socio-cultural integrity like Trade EXPO (where Pangasinan products are being sold and art exhibits are shown), Palaro sa Dagat with Kite-flying (where several Pinoy games are being played), and Sayawan ed Aplaya (street-dancing where festivals from other localities are represented). There are also events that demonstrate the importance of the nature and environment: Konsyerto sa Gulpo (where young bands sing to promote environmental awareness [Pangasinan Capitol 2013]), Sand Sculpting (“aims to further raise the level of awareness and appreciation of the people on the sea’s ecosystem and non-living things like sand [Pangasinan Capitol 2013]”), the Doypuay Kalangweran or Youth Camp (both a social and environmental activity that “brings together student leaders in Pangasinan for an overnight environmental appreciation rendezvous [Pangasinan Capitol 2013]”, clean-up drive in the beachfront area, and the Banca Parada. According to Melo Villareal (2014), Banca Parada (or the fluvial parade), where over a hundred of decorated bancas sail, is “a celebration of clean river showcasing the provincial government’s serious effort in restoring the river to its original clean and healthy condition thru the massive river clean up drive program of the administration of Governor Amado T. Espino, Jr.”

Just what Liu (2003) has mentioned on his work, sustainable tourism should be seen using a systems and interdisciplinary approaches. Using these perspectives now, we could see a glimpse of hope of sustainability in tourism in the Pistay Dayat festival if it continues on promoting tourism without sacrificing its environmental resources and cultural integrity. Also, tourism might really lead to sustainable development if it continues on promoting inter-generational as well as intra-generational equity. 

 

 REFERENCES

Liu, Z. (2003) “Sustainable tourism development: a critique.” Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11 (6). Pp. 459-475. ISSN 0966-9582

Caparas, K. “Pistay Dayat  Festival: A Gratitude to the Sea.” May 23, 2012. https://www.vigattintourism.com/tourism/articles/Pistay-Dayat-Festival-A-Gratitude-to-the-Sea (Accessed 01 September 2016)

Cardinoza, G. “Pangasinan celebrates Pistay Dayat for See Bounty.” Apri 23, 2013. http://pangasinan.gov.ph/2013/04/pangasinan-celebrates-pistay-dayat-for-sea-bounty/ (Accessed 01 September 2016)

Oblanca, M. G. N. “Pistay Dayat 2016 kicks off on April 22.” April 16, 2016. http://pangasinan.gov.ph/2016/04/pistay-dayat-2016-kicks-off-on-april-22/ Accessed 01 September 2016)

Pangasinan Capitol (2013). “Pistay Dayat Tripple Advocacy.” http://policeheadlines.blogspot.com/2013/04/pistay-dayat-tripple-advocacy.html (Accessed 01 September 2016)

Philippine Information Agency – Pangasinan. “Gov urges Pangasinenses to see province first.” April 30, 2009. http://archives.pia.gov.ph/?m=12&sec=reader&fi=p090430.htm&no=40 (Accessed 01 September 2016)

Sunstar. “3 Sporting events to spice up Pistay Dayat.” April 28, 2015. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/pangasinan/local-news/2015/04/28/3-sporting-events-spice-pistay-dayat-404686  (Accessed 01 September 2016)

The Official Website of Pangasinan (2016). “About Pangasinan.” http://pangasinan.gov.ph/the-province/about-pangasinan/ (Accessed 01 September 2016)

The Philippine Star. “Pangasinan’s Pistay Dayat 2013 kicks off.” April 26, 2013. http://www.philstar.com/travel-and-tourism/2013/04/26/934848/pangasinans-pistay-dayat-2013-kicks Accessed 01 September 2016)

Villareal, M. “Pistay Dayat Grand Fluvial Parade in Pangasinan.” May 2, 2014. http://outoftownblog.com/pistay-dayat-grand-fluvial-parade-pangasinan/ (Accessed 01 September 2016)

What to Deal With This Sem Be Like

So classes have finally started and just got over with its first week yesterday. After the first meeting in each class, I sorta “contemplated” and enumerated some of the things that I gotta deal with and look forward to this coming four months.

Ontology of Social Science class. After the first meeting last Tuesday, what really concerned me was the seating arrangement. The squad isn’t in the class with me because they already took the class last sem plus, no bloc mates too aside from well, Lors. The majority of the class are junior students so I knew then that I was in trouble most especially because the only available seat when I arrived (suits me right for being late the first day! Lol) was between Norvy and Kuya Richard. And believe me, any talkative person like me wouldn’t want to sit between these two guys! Ha ha! I could even remember what I told my friends and housemates the night of that same day. I kept on telling them that I hate that seating arrangement and I don’t think I could survive the next four months or so seating between those two. Mapapanis ang laway ko bes! 😅 That is why during the next meeting, last Thursday, I already sat beside Gino.

Epistemology of Social Science class. I think I am gonna love and sort of hate this class at the same time. I am gonna love it obvi because of Doc J! Damn who wouldn’t love being in his class? Whenever I am in his class, I feel like I am in one of those classes I usually and only watch in movies. Lol! He’s such a genius that though it’s gonna be hard and nerve cracking the entire sem, I know it’ll be worth taking it still. I really looked forward attending one of his classes so I think it’s a good thing that before I leave uni, i got the chance to. The problem though is that I know that I gotta strive hard to pass this course. Haha! Damn, that moment he handed us our syllabus, me and my friends couldn’t stop looking at each other, exchanging glances. Syllabus at course outline palang nosebleed at pamatay na, how much more yung readings at classes, di ba?! Ito pa, according to Doc J, if we thought reading Anthony Giddens is hard, then we’re wrong. Kung sa listahan niya, pinakamadaling intindihin s Giddens, kamusta naman yung iba? Kamusta naman si Ricouer?! This class will definitely drive me crazy and I know it! Another thing that I gotta deal with is me being stunned every time he talks. Legit na napapatunganga ako tuwing nagsasalita siya. When he does his lecture, I don’t do anything but stare at him. I can’t stop it I always forget that I have to jot down notes. Haha! I love how he says those Greek and Latin words. The words theoria, knomos, and episteme keep on ringing in my head since day one, i cannot! 😍😂

Natural Science class. I love science since the day I knew about its existence but aside from the lessons that we’re gonna take up in this class, another thing that I really (and still) look forward to are my classmates. Poging classmate to be exact! Hahaha! Since this class is a GE, then there is this big possibility that I’ll see and meet new faces from the other colleges. That’s why Iwaited  for the class (Lol ang harot!). But I guess the time isn’t right yet for me, Pia and Iris to boy hunt (ano raw?! haha). Aside from dogsinupb.wordpress.com, I don’t know anything else yet about the class and the prof. I don’t even know if the prof is a he or a she! Damn. He/She didn’t meet us yet this week since he/she is in Cebu for a conference so he/she just asked us to go and visit his/her blog. Last Thursday though, we had the chance to meet and know some of our classmates for the supposed to be second meeting and we (Iris, Pia and I) can’t stop ourselves feeling a bit disappointed because there’s no one who caught our attention. We were surprised too that there’s just a few of us in the class. We expected it to be a big class. What we can just do as of now is to wait and hope that the “cute” guys were absent last Thursday and we’ll see them when the class actually starts next Tuesday. Can’t wait! Hihi. (DISCLAIMER: This is nothing serious. Pangkatuwaan lang yang paghahanap ng poging classmate para hindi boring yung class. Yung class hours kasi 1:30-3:00, nakakaantok! Lol).

PE (Frisbee) class. I don’t know what to expect or look forward to because honestly, i never get excited talking about PE. And also, until now i am still hesitant and am still questioning myself for enlisting FRISBEE FOR PE! Damn what I was even thinking?! Hadn’t have the chance to meet my classmates and prof just yet because there were no classes last Wednesday in Baguio for the Miss Universe candidates’ parade in the city. Hindi talaga ako nae-excite mag-PE! Sinong ma-e-excite gumising ng 7am aber? Worse, sinong ma-e-excite mag PE uniform every 7am in this kind of Baguio weather?! Tell meeeee!!!  Damn, i hope i could find something fun to enjoy this class this sem. Haha!

International Relations class. I know since this sem started that this is going to be my fave class this sem because obvi, aside from it is a Political Science class, it’s Ma’am Mai, one of my all-time faves, who’s teaching it! That’s why instead of getting bored and all that about school on Fridays, and instead of feeling lazy since it is the only class I have to take every Friday, I feel super excited and happy about it! Pol Sci is life! 

First week is over but to be honest, I haven’t set my mood and mindset for the fact that it’s already the time to get back to school just yet. It is so hard to let vacation goooo! But since I promised myself that I’ll put my shits together this weekend and try and DO my very best to pull my game face out once i get back to Baguio on Monday, then I’ll try. I’ll do that. Game on! 😉

Achievement Unlocked: Bound Thesis

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Justine and I with our thesis adviser, Dr. Achilles C. Costales

There are just so many good news today: our internet’s back (lol) but what’s more important is that THE SEM’S FINALLY OVER! Hooray!!!!

I went to Baguio early today so that Justine and I could finally pass our bound thesis to Sir Archie. I just stayed there for an hour or so and went back to Pangasinan after. I am so happy and relieved because finally, after five months of sleepless nights, tons of reading materials, brain-whacking exams, nerve-cracking reports, paper requirements, field works and thesis-ing, stress and pressure, finally, it’s over. I must say that this sem so far is the hardest sem that I ever had here in college. Thank God I made it. Thank God it’s over and I survived. Thank God, we’re done with thesis!!!

 

PH President Rodrigo Duterte, a Machiavellian

This is a paper I wrote for my Political Philosophy class. The topic has something to do with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte in relation with Niccolo Machiavelli’s well-known book, The Prince.

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credits to Global Balita for this photo

This paper primarily deals with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte and the principle of “Machiavellianism” which is mainly discussed in Niccolo Machiavelli’s work, The Prince. This paper aims to analyze and discuss why President Duterte is a Machiavellian based on his actions and utterances.

The paper will discuss what “Machiavellianism” or “Machiavellian” actions actually mean through providing different definitions written in the related literatures used in this work. These descriptions and characterizations will be used then to analyze and explain the actions and utterances of President Duterte. This paper’s argument that President Duterte is a Machiavellian is expected to be explained and supported further using the means-ends approach: “the end justifies the means.”

Characterizing President Duterte using
the Principle of Machiavellianism

Duterte: A Manipulator of Appearance

In his case study of “Is Gerald Graff Machiavellian?” Don Bialostosky [1999:391] defined a Machiavel as a “schemer who will use any means to attain an end, a manipulator of appearances who will wear sheep’s clothing to satisfy wolfish appetites for power.”

The author of this paper believes that Duterte is indeed a manipulator of appearance. As an example, we can consider what happened during the filing of candidacy for the presidential position October of last year and even in the campaign period. As we can remember, Duterte, as an “outsider” in the presidential race, was known to be hesitant of filing his candidacy for presidency. He kept on saying that unlike his opponents, he was not really that thirsty of winning the presidential position and what he only wants is to help the country. Richard Javier Heydarian [2016] noted in his article, “The Philippines under President Duterte,” that “many experts believe that Duterte’s professed reluctance was simply a calculated public relations stunt.”

He seemed to appear like he was not that desperate of wanting the position, obviously different and opposite from what his opponents were displaying of themselves, to gain the trust, support, and loyalty of the people. He wore that “sheep’s clothing” to win the position. Now that he was elected as president, we can see that it was an effective strategy. To look like uninterested made him win the position knowing that people are tired of the usual scheme of politicians showing too much interest of the power and position.

Duterte’s Advocacy of Empowering the Police and Military

According to Karl Walling [1995:419], one of the attributes of a Machiavellian statesman is that he “advocates military and commercial empire whose dynamic virtú posed a severe threat to republican virtue.”

In his more or less six month-stay as the president of the Republic of the Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte’s name is creating not just a national but also an international debate with regards to his “War on Drugs.” In his war on drugs, we can see how the president gives most of the task to the police officials in the country. Thus empowering and giving them the right to hurt and kill people (drug pushers, users, and let us not forget those misjudged innocent ones). Since the day he sat in the presidential seat, extrajudicial killings become rampant. Number of peoples are getting killed every day. There are also several cases wherein our police officials are seen to be abusing their use of power. There are those who use their police power and position to have the right to hurt people, not to say, protesters in front of the PH US Embassy. There are also these cases wherein caught drug pushers are getting killed inside the police car and even in jails.

These killings and “abuse of power” gets more disturbing as days pass by. Police officials in the country today are not afraid to draw and shoot their guns to their fellow citizens because the president has given them the power. This empowerment is very disturbing that it already frightens and threatens the people, may they be the targeted drug users and pushers or the innocent ones.

Machiavellianism as Manipulation, Exploitation, and Deviousness

In Ferrel et al. [1989:689], Calhoon [1969:211], defined a modern day Machiavellian administrator as “one who employs aggressive, manipulative, exploiting and devious moves in order to achieve personal and organizational objectives.”

Aside from the discussed manipulation of appearance, President Duterte also has the tendency of manipulating other people because of his aggressive personality. Moreover, he has the ability of understanding social institutions that it can manipulate them: he can order killing people without him and the ones who are responsible in the killings being punished. President Duterte has his devious ways. Meaning, he uses a “roundabout way of accomplishing a task that … can be construed as ethical from a utilitarian base in that the intent is to save lives” [Ferrel et al. 1989:690]. He could break the law because his “War on Drugs’” overall motive is good.

Another characteristic of a Machiavellian is that his behaviors involve “the exploitation of the weaknesses of others, presumably in an effort to implement their own desired ends” [Lindsay et al. 1966:228]. In the Philippines under the Duterte presidency today, we can see how the weaknesses of the ordinary Filipino citizens are being exploited. Human rights are getting violated because of the administrations way of eradicating drugs in the country.

Duterte’s “War on Drugs” and
Machiavelli’s Notion of “End Justifies the Means

One of the most prominent ideas embarked by Machiavelli in the field of politics is his belief that the “end justifies the means.” In The Prince, he discussed how and when cruelty and deception become acceptable and favorable. As what Machiavelli told Piero Soderini, “In judging policies, we should consider the results that have been achieved through them rather than the means by which they have been executed.” Machiavelli believes that what matters is the end or the result and not the way or process used to achieve such end.

President Rodrigo Duterte’s same belief on this Machiavellian idea is what makes his actions and utterances Machiavellian. He sees his “War on Drugs” as something like the “end justifies the means.” Duterte believes that his lawless means of getting drug pushers and users killed is acceptable because his motive is to free the country from drug use which he firmly believes that is one of the main roots of poverty in the Philippines.

 

REFERENCES

Bialostosky, D. [1999]. Is Gerald Graff Machiavellian? Style, Vol. 33, No. 3, Postmodernism and 
            Other Distractions: Situations and Directions for Critical Theory, pp. 391-404

Ferrel, O.C., Fraedrich J., and Pride, W. [1989]. An Empirical Examination of the Three
            Machiavellian Concepts: Advertisers vs. the General Public. Journal Business Ethics, Vol.
            8, No. 9, pp. 687-694

Lindsay, C. A. and Marks, E. [1966]. Machiavellian Attitudes: Some Measurement and 
            Behavioral Considerations. Sociometry, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 228-236
Walling, K. [1995]. Was Alexander Hamilton a Machiavellian Statesman? The Review Politics, 
            Vol. 57, No. 3, pp. 419-447

Heydarian, Richard Javier. “The Philippines under President Duterte.” Brookings.edu. May 23,
            2016. https://www.brookings.edu/opinions/the-philippines-under-president-duterte/
                (Accessed 06 December 2016)

Greek Food Festival

Okay so today’s the day. Were nervous. I was so nervous. Again, we went to Iris’ place to cook and prepare the recipes that we’d present for the food festival. After cooking everything, we then went to school for the fest. It started passed 2 pm and I must say, every team really did a great job. All of us really prepared for it to get that .25 incentive. Haha! Here are the recipes that we presented awhile ago:

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LEMON GREENK. This mocktail is nonalcoholic.

 

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This salad is composed of different vegetables and fruits like lettuce, cucumber, carrots, turnip, and tomato. To complement it is our dip, having a Greek touch and taste of olive oil and the famous Greek feta cheese that would leave a combination of salty and tangy taste in the tongue.

 

We see this salad as a representation of Plato’s “Community of Wives and Children” wherein the different fruits and veggies that have their distinct identities serve as the wives and children comprising the community or polis, represented by the lettuce.

 

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“The wholeness of the state should be considered and not just of a few parts,” states the concept of the Metaphor of the Statue. Just like this sautéd shrimp with lemon juice, tomatoes and feta cheese, every ingredient and every part of the shrimp contributes to the savory taste of the entire recipe that lingers in the tongue. Even the shrimp’s head which we usually throw has this juice that you look for when eating. This proves that the wholeness of the shrimp is a must in this recipe.

 

 

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This recipe is made up of green bell peppers stuffed with ground beef, feta, and cheddar cheese. We relate it to Plato’s notion of the Allegory of the Cave that says that people need to be dragged out from the cave to be enlightened and to be freed from ignorance. People should be dragged out from the cave to realize that there are things existing other than the shadows they see inside the cave.

In this recipe, the bell pepper serves as our cave and the people are the stuffed ground beef. The ground beef should be dragged out from the bell pepper to see that aside from them being stuffed inside the pepper, there is something more to look out for. The stuffed ground beef should be dig and dragged out from the bell pepper in order for us to know and realize that other than its stuffed appearance, it still has something more to share and offer: the taste of the bell pepper’s juice and the melted feta cheese combined with the taste of the ground beef.

 

We kinda enjoyed in a way but it really pained us that we didn’t win (it got us broke and broken lol). Most of those who won were those who served pasta recipes. But then, all’s well! We need to get over it and let go of that .25-incentive. Lol! At least, it served as an experience (especially for someone like me who doesn’t cook). 😁😅✌

HELL OH, DECEMBER!

Finally, it’s December!

Compared to past few years, I welcomed December today with a heavy heart. Not because I am not happy and excited but because of Finals week and the bunch of academic requirements and deadlines that I need to meet and accomplish. November ended so heavily and here comes December bombarding me with lots of report and paper deadlines AND THESIS!!! And also, not mentioning, I took my last exam for this sem today.

It was bittersweet starting this month with my final exam in the hardest course I have this semester, Econometrics (it could’ve been easier if i am only diligent in reading the assigned readings and lessons but no lol).

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Ang hirap mong mahalin at ipaglaban pero alam kong worth it naman kaya kakayanin ko hanggang sa huli #UP  #UPHugot #nux