Mapaglarong Tadhana

“Gabi na. Umuwi ka na. Ihahatid na kita.”

Iyan ang sabi mo sa akin isang gabi nang tayo’y magkasama

Isang gabing sa ilalim ng ulan tayo’y naroroong dalawa

Mga katagang iya’y iyong binitawan na siyang sa aki’y lalong nagpamangha.

Ang sabi nila nasa saiyo na ang lahat

Oo nga naman sa hatol nilang iyan ako’y di sasalungat

May hitsura na’t tunay pang maginoo

Lalo pang nahumaling sa angkin mong talino.

Totoo ngang noong una sa iyo’y di nagkagusto

Ngunit nang makilala ka ewan ko ba’t ngayo’y nababaliw nang husto

Unti-unti kang kinikilala

Sa paglipas ng araw saiyo’y lalong humahanga.

Kay tagal akong naghintay

Tumibok muli itong pusong kay tagal nalumbay

Nang dumating ka akala ko ikaw na

Ngunit tulad ng iba, kailangang itigil din pala itong nadarama.

Oo nasa saiyo na ang lahat

Mga katangiang akala’y mahahanap lamang kay prince charming sa aklat

Ngunit nasaiyo man lahat ng ninanais kong katangian

Katumbas naman ay ang mga paniniwalang kailanman di ko kayang talikuran.

Akala ko sa wakas ika’y dumating na

Ngunit bakit sadyang mapaglaro itong si tadhana

Puso’y hinayaan ngang tumibok muli

Sa taong hindi naman mapapasaakin sa huli.



A Glimpse of Hope in Pangasinan’s Pistay Dayat Festival

Since Lingayen, my hometown, is celebrating Pistay Dayat today, I think it also the right time to publish here the paper that I wrote last semester in my Tourism class. So here it goes…

To understand and analyze whether the celebration and preparations for the Pistay Dayat Festival in Pangasinan emanates sustainable tourism development, Zhenhua Liu (2003)’s perspective on Sustainable Tourism Development is to be used in this paper for discussion.

Liu (2003) on Sustainable Tourism Development

In his work entitled, “Sustainable Tourism Development: A Critique,” Liu (2003) made use of the World Tourism Organisation (2001)’s definition of sustainable tourism development as a basis for discussion:

Sustainable tourism development meets the needs of the present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing opportunities for the future. It is envisaged as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity and life support systems (Liu 2003: 460).

In addition, Liu (2003:460) mentioned what Cater (1993) pointed out as the three main objectives of sustainable tourism: meeting the needs of the host population in terms of improved living standards both in the short and long term; satisfying the demands of a growing number of tourists; and safeguarding the natural environment.

Lastly, Liu (2003:472) pointed out four critical and important issues to consider for further research on sustainable tourism development: a balanced view on sustainability (we are not to limit growth but to manage it for the benefit of everyone); the development of practically feasible policies and measures; the use of a systems perspective (to understand the characteristics and change patterns of tourism and its dynamic interaction with the natural, technological, social and economic environment); and the adaptation of interdisciplinary approach.

 Lingayen’s Pistay Dayat Festival    

Looking forward to a more prosperous tourism industry, the provincial government’s efforts could be seen in the conduct of the Pistay Dayat (Sea Festival) which is being celebrated annually in the capital of the province, Lingayen. In an article published by the Philippine Daily Inquirer (2013), Provincial administrator Rafael Baraan said that Pistay Dayat started as a simple thanksgiving celebration of the local fishing community for the Lingayen Gulf’s abundance, “Fishing is one of the major livelihood activities of the people in our province. That is why the festivity is centered along the shorelines and it coincides with the Labor Day celebration on May 1.” Moreover, Kheem Caparas (2012) posted in his blog that:

According to Dagupan City’s official website, Pista’y Dayat actually started in small fishing towns of Lingayen and Alaminos in the 1960s, gradually growing in size as these towns started to trade with each other. It was during the term of former Dagupan City Mayor Cipriano Manaois in 1968 when formal activities for Pista’y Dayat were first held. It was also during this period that the title Pista’y Dayat was officially coined.

As years pass by, it could be seen that the celebration of the said festival becomes bigger and bigger  showing the implications of the tourism development program of the province that has been launched when former Governor Amado T. Espino, Jr. started office last 2008 (Philippine Information Agency 2009). Different events are being conducted throughout the two-week-long celebration:

What used to be just a simple celebration which serves as thanksgiving for the bounty of fish harvest in coastal villages in Pangasinan, Pistay Dayat merriment has evolved through the years as a ‘sight to behold,’ featuring a wide-array of activities and events that draw a big crowd of people from all over the Philippines visiting Pangasinan this summer…Last year, Pistay Dayat was hailed by the Department of Tourism and the Association of Tourism Officers in the Philippines (ATOP) as first runner-up in the coveted Pearl awards (best tourism event – festival category). As a Pearl awardee, the provincial government has been recognized for its stellar contributions in making the Pistay Dayat a boost to the province’s tourism sector (Oblanca, 2016).

Tourism Supply and Demand in the Pistay Dayat Festival

According to Cardinoza (2013) of the Philippine News Inquirer, in the last two years, Pangasinan has become the leading tourist destination in the Ilocos region and Pistay Dayat, according to Gov. Espino Jr., has been one of the events that attracted the tourists to the province.

Zhenhua Liu (2003: 462) said in his work that “[t]ourism development is both supply-led and demand-led. The provision of tourist facilitates and services may arise as a response to growing demand or aim to stimulate demand.” This could be true in the case of the previous local administration who saw the promising tourism industry in Pangasinan that it launched its integrated tourism development program. Through the years, the transformations in the Capitol Compound and Lingayen Beachfront where the festival takes place have been very visible that it became a tourism “place” product itself. The place became a tourist spot that even if it is not Pistay Dayat season, tourists still come and visit. The local government has seen to it that it would be captivating enough for tourism purposes.

Still on the topic of inviting more tourists during Pistay Dayat, spearheaded by Governor Amado T. Espino, Jr., the sea festival was presented with a total repackaging since 2008. From a mere thanksgiving celebration, the festival became a more meaningful feast with genuine goals anchored on tourism, environment and sports as its core advocacies (Pangasinan Capitol, 2013). And just last year 2015, the third and last of this advocacies has been integrated to the festival to increase tourism demand: its sports advocacy. According to Sunstar (2015), three sporting events (Paboksing ed Gulpo, Volleybelles and Skimboarding) have been added to the events in the festival to emphasize Gov. Espino’s priority of sports development in the province (leveling up sports mindedness among Pangasinenses especially the young generation). It has been also stated that Provincial Sports Director Modesto Operania said that, “[t]hese sporting events are also expected to draw big crowd of sports enthusiasts in Pangasinan, in nearby provinces and tourists from all over the globe.”

Local Participation and Other Stakeholders

Liu (2003:466) argued that “‘a greater level of local involvement in the planning and development of tourism is an essential prerequisite of sustainable tourism’… [And] [t]o be successful and sustainable, tourism development should involve ‘various government departments, public and private sector companies, community groups and experts.’” This prerequisite of sustainable tourism could be seen in Pistay Dayat. Local participation is very prevalent not only through selling foods, shirts and souvenirs for tourists but also in the envents and competitions that are made for them as bonafide residents of Pangasinan. (ie. Sand-sculpting). Other stakeholders include the local government, private companies which serve as sponsors (ie. Smart Company, San Miguel Brewery, Inc., Uniliver) and local entrepreneurs from different municipalities who join the Trade and Tourism Expo to promote their native products.

Pistay Dayat for a Sustainable Tourism

One of the reasons why the idea of sustainability in tourism has emerged was because of the “negative” tourism impacts, most especially to the socio-cultural aspect of the tourist destination (Liu 2003:460). The Pistay Dayat, however, for almost nine years now, has quite proven that tourism could be economically, environmentally, and socio-culturally beneficial.

Pistay Dayat has definitely increased the tourism demand in the province which in return brings economic benefits to the government and local people who have tourism-related businesses. But unlike the stereotypical negative association of tourism to cultural integrity, Pistay Dayat has proven so far that while developing economically, we can still keep our cultural integrity. This festival embodies so much of the cultural heritage of Pangasinan. As what Gov. Espino said, the festival serves as the “reawakening of the Pangasinenses’ consciousness regarding music, dances, arts, and culture of the province.” In this festival are events that promote historical heritage and socio-cultural integrity like Trade EXPO (where Pangasinan products are being sold and art exhibits are shown), Palaro sa Dagat with Kite-flying (where several Pinoy games are being played), and Sayawan ed Aplaya (street-dancing where festivals from other localities are represented). There are also events that demonstrate the importance of the nature and environment: Konsyerto sa Gulpo (where young bands sing to promote environmental awareness [Pangasinan Capitol 2013]), Sand Sculpting (“aims to further raise the level of awareness and appreciation of the people on the sea’s ecosystem and non-living things like sand [Pangasinan Capitol 2013]”), the Doypuay Kalangweran or Youth Camp (both a social and environmental activity that “brings together student leaders in Pangasinan for an overnight environmental appreciation rendezvous [Pangasinan Capitol 2013]”, clean-up drive in the beachfront area, and the Banca Parada. According to Melo Villareal (2014), Banca Parada (or the fluvial parade), where over a hundred of decorated bancas sail, is “a celebration of clean river showcasing the provincial government’s serious effort in restoring the river to its original clean and healthy condition thru the massive river clean up drive program of the administration of Governor Amado T. Espino, Jr.”

Just what Liu (2003) has mentioned on his work, sustainable tourism should be seen using a systems and interdisciplinary approaches. Using these perspectives now, we could see a glimpse of hope of sustainability in tourism in the Pistay Dayat festival if it continues on promoting tourism without sacrificing its environmental resources and cultural integrity. Also, tourism might really lead to sustainable development if it continues on promoting inter-generational as well as intra-generational equity. 



Liu, Z. (2003) “Sustainable tourism development: a critique.” Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11 (6). Pp. 459-475. ISSN 0966-9582

Caparas, K. “Pistay Dayat  Festival: A Gratitude to the Sea.” May 23, 2012. (Accessed 01 September 2016)

Cardinoza, G. “Pangasinan celebrates Pistay Dayat for See Bounty.” Apri 23, 2013. (Accessed 01 September 2016)

Oblanca, M. G. N. “Pistay Dayat 2016 kicks off on April 22.” April 16, 2016. Accessed 01 September 2016)

Pangasinan Capitol (2013). “Pistay Dayat Tripple Advocacy.” (Accessed 01 September 2016)

Philippine Information Agency – Pangasinan. “Gov urges Pangasinenses to see province first.” April 30, 2009. (Accessed 01 September 2016)

Sunstar. “3 Sporting events to spice up Pistay Dayat.” April 28, 2015.  (Accessed 01 September 2016)

The Official Website of Pangasinan (2016). “About Pangasinan.” (Accessed 01 September 2016)

The Philippine Star. “Pangasinan’s Pistay Dayat 2013 kicks off.” April 26, 2013. Accessed 01 September 2016)

Villareal, M. “Pistay Dayat Grand Fluvial Parade in Pangasinan.” May 2, 2014. (Accessed 01 September 2016)

Right Fight?

So according to my OneNote file, I wrote this last July 21, 2016 at 10:02 PM. Just had the chance to stumble upon my files and saw this one so I am posting it here. Months passed since I wrote this and now, I already have the answer to my question. It is a no. No, it wasn’t a right fight. It wasn’t the fight that I am waiting so I didn’t fight for it. At the end of the day, I chose not to take the risk because since the beginning I already knew that I have no chance to win. Hindi pa man nagsisimula, talo na ako. :))

I tried so many times
So many times I tried
I have waited for so long
It was you who came along.

This all is unexpected
For so long this was what I wanted
You made me feel again
You made me want to love, not pretend.

It was you who made me see the impossible
With you beside me I thought we were possible
That one night under the rain
That moment in my life will always remain.

Taking the risk is what it takes
But there are just too much at stake
At first I wanted to fight
But then I asked myself is it really right?
Is it worth it to fight?
Am i fighting the right fight?

PH President Rodrigo Duterte, a Machiavellian

This is a paper I wrote for my Political Philosophy class. The topic has something to do with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte in relation with Niccolo Machiavelli’s well-known book, The Prince.


credits to Global Balita for this photo

This paper primarily deals with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte and the principle of “Machiavellianism” which is mainly discussed in Niccolo Machiavelli’s work, The Prince. This paper aims to analyze and discuss why President Duterte is a Machiavellian based on his actions and utterances.

The paper will discuss what “Machiavellianism” or “Machiavellian” actions actually mean through providing different definitions written in the related literatures used in this work. These descriptions and characterizations will be used then to analyze and explain the actions and utterances of President Duterte. This paper’s argument that President Duterte is a Machiavellian is expected to be explained and supported further using the means-ends approach: “the end justifies the means.”

Characterizing President Duterte using
the Principle of Machiavellianism

Duterte: A Manipulator of Appearance

In his case study of “Is Gerald Graff Machiavellian?” Don Bialostosky [1999:391] defined a Machiavel as a “schemer who will use any means to attain an end, a manipulator of appearances who will wear sheep’s clothing to satisfy wolfish appetites for power.”

The author of this paper believes that Duterte is indeed a manipulator of appearance. As an example, we can consider what happened during the filing of candidacy for the presidential position October of last year and even in the campaign period. As we can remember, Duterte, as an “outsider” in the presidential race, was known to be hesitant of filing his candidacy for presidency. He kept on saying that unlike his opponents, he was not really that thirsty of winning the presidential position and what he only wants is to help the country. Richard Javier Heydarian [2016] noted in his article, “The Philippines under President Duterte,” that “many experts believe that Duterte’s professed reluctance was simply a calculated public relations stunt.”

He seemed to appear like he was not that desperate of wanting the position, obviously different and opposite from what his opponents were displaying of themselves, to gain the trust, support, and loyalty of the people. He wore that “sheep’s clothing” to win the position. Now that he was elected as president, we can see that it was an effective strategy. To look like uninterested made him win the position knowing that people are tired of the usual scheme of politicians showing too much interest of the power and position.

Duterte’s Advocacy of Empowering the Police and Military

According to Karl Walling [1995:419], one of the attributes of a Machiavellian statesman is that he “advocates military and commercial empire whose dynamic virtú posed a severe threat to republican virtue.”

In his more or less six month-stay as the president of the Republic of the Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte’s name is creating not just a national but also an international debate with regards to his “War on Drugs.” In his war on drugs, we can see how the president gives most of the task to the police officials in the country. Thus empowering and giving them the right to hurt and kill people (drug pushers, users, and let us not forget those misjudged innocent ones). Since the day he sat in the presidential seat, extrajudicial killings become rampant. Number of peoples are getting killed every day. There are also several cases wherein our police officials are seen to be abusing their use of power. There are those who use their police power and position to have the right to hurt people, not to say, protesters in front of the PH US Embassy. There are also these cases wherein caught drug pushers are getting killed inside the police car and even in jails.

These killings and “abuse of power” gets more disturbing as days pass by. Police officials in the country today are not afraid to draw and shoot their guns to their fellow citizens because the president has given them the power. This empowerment is very disturbing that it already frightens and threatens the people, may they be the targeted drug users and pushers or the innocent ones.

Machiavellianism as Manipulation, Exploitation, and Deviousness

In Ferrel et al. [1989:689], Calhoon [1969:211], defined a modern day Machiavellian administrator as “one who employs aggressive, manipulative, exploiting and devious moves in order to achieve personal and organizational objectives.”

Aside from the discussed manipulation of appearance, President Duterte also has the tendency of manipulating other people because of his aggressive personality. Moreover, he has the ability of understanding social institutions that it can manipulate them: he can order killing people without him and the ones who are responsible in the killings being punished. President Duterte has his devious ways. Meaning, he uses a “roundabout way of accomplishing a task that … can be construed as ethical from a utilitarian base in that the intent is to save lives” [Ferrel et al. 1989:690]. He could break the law because his “War on Drugs’” overall motive is good.

Another characteristic of a Machiavellian is that his behaviors involve “the exploitation of the weaknesses of others, presumably in an effort to implement their own desired ends” [Lindsay et al. 1966:228]. In the Philippines under the Duterte presidency today, we can see how the weaknesses of the ordinary Filipino citizens are being exploited. Human rights are getting violated because of the administrations way of eradicating drugs in the country.

Duterte’s “War on Drugs” and
Machiavelli’s Notion of “End Justifies the Means

One of the most prominent ideas embarked by Machiavelli in the field of politics is his belief that the “end justifies the means.” In The Prince, he discussed how and when cruelty and deception become acceptable and favorable. As what Machiavelli told Piero Soderini, “In judging policies, we should consider the results that have been achieved through them rather than the means by which they have been executed.” Machiavelli believes that what matters is the end or the result and not the way or process used to achieve such end.

President Rodrigo Duterte’s same belief on this Machiavellian idea is what makes his actions and utterances Machiavellian. He sees his “War on Drugs” as something like the “end justifies the means.” Duterte believes that his lawless means of getting drug pushers and users killed is acceptable because his motive is to free the country from drug use which he firmly believes that is one of the main roots of poverty in the Philippines.



Bialostosky, D. [1999]. Is Gerald Graff Machiavellian? Style, Vol. 33, No. 3, Postmodernism and 
            Other Distractions: Situations and Directions for Critical Theory, pp. 391-404

Ferrel, O.C., Fraedrich J., and Pride, W. [1989]. An Empirical Examination of the Three
            Machiavellian Concepts: Advertisers vs. the General Public. Journal Business Ethics, Vol.
            8, No. 9, pp. 687-694

Lindsay, C. A. and Marks, E. [1966]. Machiavellian Attitudes: Some Measurement and 
            Behavioral Considerations. Sociometry, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 228-236
Walling, K. [1995]. Was Alexander Hamilton a Machiavellian Statesman? The Review Politics, 
            Vol. 57, No. 3, pp. 419-447

Heydarian, Richard Javier. “The Philippines under President Duterte.” May 23,
                (Accessed 06 December 2016)

Matapos ang Ilang Dekada, Nasaan na ang Hustisya?

Here’s an editorial article I wrote last November 10, 2016 regarding Marcos’ burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani: 


Nakapanglulumo at nakakagalit/nakagagalit ang naging huling desisyon at hatol ng Korte Suprema sa matagal nang nakabinbin na debate at isyu ukol sa pagpapalibing sa yumao at dating Pangulong Ferdinand E. Marcos sa tinaguriang Libingan ng mga Bayani (LNMB).

Nito lamang nakaraang Martes, ika-8 ng Nobyembre 2016, ay tuluyan na ngang naglabas ang Korte Suprema ng desisyon nila ukol sa pagpayag sa pagpapalibing kay Marcos sa LNMB. Sa botong 9-5 ay nanaig ang pakiusap ng Marcoses at ng kanilang mga taga-suporta na hayaan nang mailibing ang dating Pangulo sa naturang lugar.

Mula taong 1993 ay nakahimlay na ang labi ni dating Pangulong Marcos sa isang air-conditioned na museleo sa Ilocos Norte dahil sa loob ng humigit kumulang 25 taon, patuloy na umasa ang pamilya Marcos na darating ang araw na mabibigyan sila ng permiso na ilipat ito sa LNMB. Nabuksan lamang muli ang isyu ng pagpapalibing kay Marcos magmula nang tumakbo at manalo sa pagka-Pangulo si Pangulong Duterte. Matatandaan na sa gitna ng kampanya niya noon sa pakapangulo sa Ilocos Norte ay nangako siyang isa sa mga gagawin niya oras na maupo sa posisyon ay ang pagpapalibing kay dating Pangulong Marcos. Kaya naman noong ika-11 ng Hulyo, pormal nang iniutos ng pangulo sa Department of National Defense ang pagpapalibing kay Marcos sa LNMB.

Hindi naging madali ang pagresolba sa isyu na ito. Madaming protesta at rally ang naganap upang maipakita ang hindi nila pagsang-ayon sa desisyon ng pangulo kaya naman dumating sa puntong ang Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas (Korte Suprema) na ang nagdesisyon. Ngunit tulad din nang naging reaksyon sa pahayag ng pangulo, halo-halong emosyon, saloobin, at reaksyon din mula sa sambayanan ang namutawi nang lumabas ang desisyon ng Korte Suprema. Marami ang natuwa, lalong-lalo na ang mga kapamilya at tagasuporta ng pamilya Marcoses, ngunit hindi rin maikakaila ang hindi pagsang-ayon at galit ng marami sa ating mga kababayan. Hindi rin maikakaila na ang desisyong ipalibing si dating Pangulong Marcos sa Libingan ng mga Bayani ay nagpakita ng pagkakahati-hati ng mga Pilipino.

Nandigan si Pangulong Duterte na panahon na upang payagan at hayaang mailibing si Pangulong Marcos sa Libingan ng mga Bayani upang matapos at matuldukan na ang pagkakahati-hati ng mga Pilipino at ang alitan sa pagitan ng mga Aquino at Marcos at ng kanilang mga taga-suporta. Ayon sa Pangulo, ang pagpapalibing kay dating Pangulong Marcos ay kinakailangan natin upang makausad na at maging daan upang makamit ang tinatawag niyang “national reconciliation.” Nainiwala rin si Pangulong Duterte at ang iba pang sumasang-ayon sa naging desisyon ng Korte Suprema na karapat-dapat lamang talaga na mailibing ang dating Pangulo sa LNMB dahil iyon naman talaga ang layunin ng lugar —- ang maging himlayan ng mga yumaong pangalo at sundalong lumaban para sa bayan.

Kasama rin sa mga puntong isinaalang-alang ng Korte Suprema sa desisyon nila ay ang hindi pagkakaroon umano ng anumang batas na nagbabawal na ilibing si Marcos sa LNMB. Ayon naman kay Solicitor General Jose Calida, oras na rin na mailibing ang dating Pangulo sa makasaysayang LNMB lalo pa’t wala na rin naman daw “national trauma” mula sa nangyaring Martial Law noong panahon ng administrasyong Marcos. Patunay daw dito ang 14 milyong boto na nakuha ng anak ng dating pangulo na si Bongbong Marcos noong nakaraang eleksyon nang tumakbo siya sa pagka-bise presidente.

Ikinagalak man ng pamilya Marcos at ng Marcos’ loyalists ang naging hatol ng Korte Suprema, hindi natin maitatanggi at hindi rin tayo maaaring magbulagbulagan sa mga saloobin, hinanakit, at galit na bumuhos sa social media tulad ng Facebook at Twitter at sa mga protesta at rally na isinagawa ng anti-Marcos protesters at iba pang kababayan nating hindi sumasang-ayon sa naging desisyon ng Korte Suprema. Sa katunayan, dahil sa naging desisyon ng Korte Suprema ay mas nangibabaw pa ang pagkakahati-hati ng mga Pilipino, salungat sa hangarin ni Pangulong Duterte na tuldukan na ang pagkakahati-hating ito. Marami ang umalma at nagpakita ng pagkadisgusto sa pagpayag na mailibing na si Marcos sa LNMB.

Marami pa ring Pilipino ang naniniwala na hindi karapat-dapat na maging himlayan ng dating pangulo ang LNMB kahit pa man dati siyang sundalo at pangulo na nanilbihan sa bansa. Ayon sa iba, hindi sapat na dahilan ang mga ito upang payagan siyang mailibing sa LNMB lalo pa’t isa siyang diktador at maraming mamamayang Pilipino ang nagdusa at namatay sa ilalim ng kanyang administrasyon. Tulad nga ng ulat mula sa Amnesty International, mula nang ipatupad ni Marcos ang Martial law noong 1972, 70,000 na tao ang nakulong, 34,000 ang naabuso, at 3,240 ang namatay. Hindi lamang ito, marami rin ang iniulat na nawala na magpahanggang ngayon ay hindi pa rin natatagpuan. Dahil sa mga kadahilanang ito ay marami ang hindi sumasang-ayon sa desisyon ng Korte Suprema. Marami pa rin ang patuloy na sumasalungat at lumalaban para sa hustisyang ilang dekada nang hinihintay ng marami lalo ng mga biktima at kaanak ng mga biktima ng Martial Law. Maraming hindi sumasang-ayon na mailibing sa Libingan ng mga Bayani si Marcos dahil kailanman ay hindi siya naging at magiging bayani sa mata ng karamihan lalo  na ng  mga nabiktima ng kamay na bakal. Madami rin ang naniniwala na isang malaking kahihiyan sa mga tunay na bayani at sa mismong lugar (LNMB) na mapabilang si Marcos sa kanila dahil isa siyang diktador, magnanakaw, at isa sa mga naging dahilan ng paghihirap ng marami sa ating mga kababayan.

Isa rin sa mga dahilan kung bakit hindi nararapat na mailibing si Marcos sa tinuturing nating Libingan ng mga Bayani ay dahil sa taliwas ito sa prinsipyong ipinaglaban ng mga kababayan nating nag-alsa upang maisagawa ang People Power Revolution sa EDSA na siyang nagpatalsik sa kanya. Tulad na nga rin ng sinasabi ng ilan, ano na lamang ang magiging tingin sa atin ng iba? Ano na lamang ang iisipin ng mga susunod na henerasyon na hindi alam ang tunay na nangyari noong Martial Law? Ano na lamang ang sasabihin ng ibang makakabasa at makakaalam ng kasaysayan ng ating bansa? Maaaring maging implikasyon ng desisyong at pangyayaring ito sa kasaysayan ng ating bansa ay ang katotohanang bibigyan natin ng “hero’s burial” ang isang taong napatalsik ng People Power Revolution dahil sa mga kasalanang nagawa niya sa bansa at sa mga mamamayang Pilipino. Nakakahiyang wala tayong paninidigan. Nakakahiya na sa nangyayari ngayon ay binabalewala at tila binabaon nalang din natin sa limot ang mga paghihirap at sakripisyong nagawa ng mga kapwa natin Pilipino noon.

Hindi lamang usapin ng pagpapatawad ang isyung ito. Paano makakapagpatawad ang mga nabiktima ng Martial Law kung ni kailanman ay hindi naman humingi ng tawad ang pamilya Marcos? Hindi lamang din ito usapin ng paglimot sa nakaraan at pagharap sa kinabukasan. Napakadaling sabihin para sa kanila. Ngunit paano naman ang mga kababayan nating ilang dekadang nagluksa? Paano naman makakalimot ang mga kaanak at kapamilya ng mga biktima ng Martial Law na hanggang ngayon ay hindi pa rin nakakakamit ng hustisya? Paano naman ang mga pamilya ng mga biktimang haggang ngayon ay naghihintay at umaasang matatagpuan pa nila ang mga nawawala nilang kaanak noong Martial Law kahit man lamang labi nila?

Hindi madali ang lumimot at magpatawad lalo na kung ganito ang kalakaran at sistema sa bansa. Ang isyung ito ukol sa pagpapalibing kay dating Pangulong Fedinand Marcos sa Libingan ng mga Bayani ay hindi lamang dito natatapos. Hindi ito simpleng usapin na dahil lamang sa nakapagdesisyon na ang Korte Suprema ay tapos na. Malaki rin ang implikasyon ng desisyong ito sa justice system ng ating bansa. Tulad nga rin ng sinasabi ng iba, nakakabahala na ang mismong justice system na ng bansa ang nagiging hadlang upang makamtan ng ating mga kababayan ang hustisyang matagal na nilang nais makamtan.